Standards of Practice
In conducting a home inspection and reporting its findings, the home inspector, at a minimum, shall inspect the condition of and shall describe in writing the composition or characteristics of the following readily accessible components and readily observable defects, except as may be limited in the home inspection contract agreement:
1. Structural system.
d. Crawl space, the method of inspecting the crawl space shall be noted and explained
in the home inspection report. If the crawl space cannot be inspected, the licensee shall
explain in the home inspection report why this component was not inspected.
e. Crawl space ventilation and vapor barriers.
f. Slab floor, when present.
g. Floors, ceilings, and walls.
2. Roof structure, attic, and insulation.
a. Roof covering. The method of inspecting the roof covering shall be noted and
explained in the home inspection report. If the roof covering cannot be inspected, the
licensee shall explain in the home inspection report why this component was not
b. Roof ventilation.
c. Roof drainage system, to include gutters and downspouts.
d. Roof flashings, if readily visible.
e. Skylights, chimneys, and roof penetrations, but not antennae or other roof
f. Roof framing and sheathing.
g. Attic, unless area is not readily accessible.
h. Attic insulation.
3. Exterior of residential building or NRS.
a. Wall covering, flashing, and trim.
b. Readily accessible doors and windows, but not the operation of associated security
locks, devices, or systems.
c. Decks, balconies, stoops, steps, porches, attached garages, carports, and any
associated railings that are adjacent to the residential building or NRS and on the same
property but not associated screening, shutters, awnings, storm windows, detached
garages, or storm doors.
d. Eaves, soffits, and fascias where readily accessible from ground level.
e. Walkways, grade steps, patios, and driveways, but not fences or privacy walls.
f. Vegetation, trees, grading, drainage, and any retaining walls adjacent to the
residential building or NRS.
g. Visible exterior portions of chimneys.
4. Interior of residential building or NRS.
a. Interior walls, ceilings, and floors of residential building or NRS and any adjacent
b. Steps, stairways, railings, and balconies and associated railings.
c. Countertops and installed cabinets, including hardware.
d. Doors and windows, but not the operation of associated security locks, devices, or
e. Garage doors and permanently mounted and installed garage door operators. The
automatic safety reverse function of garage door openers shall be tested, either by
physical obstruction as specified by the manufacturer, or by breaking the beam of the
electronic photo eye but only when the test can be safely performed and will not risk
damage to the door, the opener, any nearby structure, or any stored items.
f. Fireplaces, venting systems, hearths, dampers, and fireboxes, but not mantles, fire
screens and doors, seals and gaskets.
g. Solid fuel burning appliances, if applicable.
5. Plumbing system.
a. Interior water supply and distribution systems, including water supply lines and all
fixtures and faucets, but not water conditioning systems or fire sprinkler systems.
b. Water drainage, waste, and vent systems, including all fixtures.
c. Drainage sumps, sump pumps, and related piping.
d. Water heating equipment, including energy source and related vent systems, flues,
and chimneys, but not solar water heating systems.
e. Fuel storage and distribution systems for visible leaks.
6. Electrical system.
a. Service drop.
b. Service entrance conductors, cables, and raceways.
c. Service equipment and main disconnects.
d. Service grounding.
e. Interior components of service panels and sub panels, including feeders.
g. Overcurrent protection devices.
h. Readily accessible installed lighting fixtures, switches, and receptacles.
i. Ground fault circuit interrupters.
j. Presence or absence of smoke detectors.
k. Presence of solid conductor aluminum branch circuit wiring.
l. Arc fault interrupters shall be noted if installed but not tested if equipment is
attached to them.
7. Heating system.
a. Heating equipment, including operating controls, but not heat exchangers, gas logs,
built-in gas burning appliances, grills, stoves, space heaters, solar heating devices, or
heating system accessories such as humidifiers, air purifiers, motorized dampers, and
b. Energy source.
c. Heating distribution system.
d. Vent systems, flues, and chimneys, including dampers.
Our inspection is a visual-only, non-invasive inspection of the readily accessible components of the house.
Inspector-Mike agrees to perform the inspection in accordance with the current Virginia Standards of Practice posted at https://law.lis.virginia.gov/admincode/title18/agency15/chapter40/section130/ they are available prior to the inspection, and they are part of the inspection report of Inspector-Mike. Although Inspector-Mike agrees to follow Virginia’s Standards of Practice, CLIENT understands that these standards contain limitations, exceptions, and exclusions. Unless otherwise indicated below, CLIENT understands that Inspector-Mike will NOT be testing for the presence of radon – a colorless, odorless, radioactive gas that may be harmful to humans. Unless otherwise indicated below, CLIENT understands that Inspector-Mike will NOT be testing for mold. Unless otherwise indicated in a separate writing, CLIENT understands that Inspector-Mike will not test for compliance with applicable building codes or for the presence of potential dangers arising from asbestos, lead paint, formaldehyde, molds, soil contamination, and other environmental hazards or violations.
8. Air conditioning system.
a. Central and installed wall air conditioning equipment.
b. Operating controls, access panels, and covers.
c. Energy source.
d. Cooling distribution system.
C. Systems in the home that are turned off, winterized, or otherwise secured so that they do
not respond to normal activation using standard operating controls need not be put into
operating condition. The home inspector shall state, in writing, the reason these systems or
components were not inspected.
D. In accordance with § 54.1-517.2:1 of the Code of Virginia, if a home inspector observes the
presence of any shade of yellow corrugated stainless steel tubing during a home inspection in
a home that was built prior to the adoption of the 2006 Virginia Construction Code, effective
May 1, 2008, the home inspector shall include that observation in the report along with the
following statement: "Manufacturers believe that this product is safer if properly bonded and
grounded as required by the manufacturer's installation instructions. Proper bonding and
grounding of the product should be determined by a contractor licensed to perform the work
in the Commonwealth of Virginia."
§§ 54.1-201 and 54.1-501 of the Code of Virginia.